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A Glimpse of Uttarakhand

The State of Uttarakhand is situated in the northern part of India at the foothills of the Himalayas . Referred to as the ‘Dev Bhoomi’ or the Land of the Gods the state was carved out of the Himalayan and adjoining north-western districts of Uttar Pradesh on November 9, 2000, becoming the 27th state of the Republic of India .It is one of the frontier provinces of the country and is nestled by mainly mountain districts, sharing its borders with Tibet in the north, Himachal Pradesh in the west and northwest, Gangetic plains of Uttar Pradesh in the south and Nepal in the east.

 Since the State extends from the lofty hills of the Himalayan ranges in the north to the plains beyond the foothills in the south hence it experiences extreme climatic contrast and has highly diverse terrain in different areas.

For planning and development purpose, this  newly formed Himalayan State is administratively divided into 13 districts, 78 tehsils, 95 blocks and 16,793 villages with a unicameral legislature at the capital of Dehradun. There is a three-tier Panchayati Raj Institution, the smallest unit of local self-governance at the village and district levels.

Census 2011

According to the 2011 census, Uttarakhand is the 11th most sparsely populated State of the country with a population of 10,116,752 contributing 0.84% to the total population of the country and has the 20th rank among the states and union territories in terms of population size.

Uttarakhand State is predominantly rural with about 69.45 % population living in villages. Of the total villages, more than 80% are small villages with population less than 500 persons. Small-sized and scattered villages (hamlets/majras), mountainous topography and lack of road connectivity & communication facility pose a major challenge for the State. Out of total 13 districts four districts, namely, Dehradun, Haridwar, Udham Singh Nagar and Nainital accounts for 56% of the total state population. Uttarkashi is the most thinly populated district with a density of 37 persons per sq. km. while Haridwar, with 612 persons per sq. km., is the most thickly populated district in the State.

Overall density of population is 189 persons per square kilometer, which is less than one-fourth of the population density of its parent State Uttar Pradesh, which is, 689 persons per square kilometer.

Favorable Sex Ratio:

Sex ratio for the entire State as per the 2011 Census is at 963 females per 1000 males.

Table No. 1

Demographic Indicators

Uttarakhand

India

Population

10116752

1210193422

Population Density

189 Per Sq. km

369 Per Sq. km.

Rural Population

7025583

833087662

Sex Ratio [Females /1000 Males]

963

940

Child Population [0 – 6 Years.]

1328844

158789287

Literacy Rate

79.63 %

74.04%

Males

88.33%

82.14%

Females

70.70 %

65.46%

 

Socio – Economic Condition:

1. Around 69.45% of its population lives in rural areas as compared to 72.22% in India.

2. Agriculture is the single largest sector of the economy, accounting for around 67% of the State income.

3. There are two main cropping seasons in the hills, namely, Kharif and Rabi undertaken during the rainy and winter seasons      respectively. The third crop is taken only in irrigated areas and in the valleys.

 

Kharif

Rabi

Third Crop

Rice, smaller millets, soyabean, urad, maize, chaulai, buckwheat and potato.

wheat, barley, potato and gram in the low valley areas

oil seed and sugarcane are also grown to an appreciable extent in the tarai belt of Dehradun, Pauri, Nainital, Hardwar and Udham Singh Nagar.

 

Socio-Demographic & Health Indicators in Uttarakhand

1. Sex ratio in the age group 0-6 years is 905, which is lower than the State figure of 964. This indicates discrimination against Girl Child.

2. Sex ratio favours females in 8 districts but falls below the National figure of 933 in four districts –Dehradun (887), Nainital (906), Udham Singh Nagar (919) and Haridwar (865).

3. Percentage of girls marrying below 18 years is 14.59. It indicates that one in every seven girls is married by the time she is 18 years old.

4. The gap between Male and Female literacy rates is 17.63%. This indicates that fewer women as compared to men are literate

5. Nearly 40% women are reported to be suffering from mild anaemia and 13% women are suffering from severe anaemia.